Concurrently between 1782 and 1826 lived three men with a common main concern: the well-being of children. This lead to the establishment of the Kindergarten. Let us have a look at these three, chronologically: Oberlin, Pestalozzi and Fröbel.
Jean-Frédéric Oberlin (1740 – 1826), Frenchman, pastor, has been called the „true precursor of Christianity“ in France. His orphan asylums for the protection of children are particularly noteworthy. He is also termed as a forward-thinker of Fröbel.
Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (1746 – 1827), Swiss, pedagogue and educational reformer; his grandfather, a pastor, gave him an understanding of charity. He founded several educational institutions and wrote many works explaining modern principles of education.
Friedrich Fröbel (1782 – 1852), German, pedagogue and a student of Pestalozzi, son of a pastor. After his first job as an educator in Germany, he worked for some time with Pestalozzi in Switzerland, where his ideas further developed. In particular, he emphasized the children’s individual gifts and talents, as well as the promotion of self-acting, motor skills, fantasy and creativity. Fröbel is considered to be the founder of the Kindergarten in 1840; the first one was in Bad Blankenburg, Germany. It was the beginning of a new early childhood education.
Hence, it was Fröbel who laid the foundation for modern education based on the recognition that children have unique needs and capabilities. He created the concept of the Kindergarten; the second part of this word - „garden“ - speaks for itself. A garden is a space for the cultivation of plants and other form of nature – growing, thriving, developing!
See you next Friday. - God bless you, all the best! The Castiron
PS. Source reference: Wikipedia and the newspaper D’REGION 11. Jahrgang Nr. 27